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You are here:   OldClasses > 2012 > Fungia fungites | Ben Murphy




Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)                                                

Common Mushroom Coral

Ben Murphy (2012)




Fact Sheet



Physical Description


Life History & Behaviour

Anatomy & Physiology

Evolution & Systematics

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Anatomy & Physiology


Scleractinian corals are defined by their paired septa, lack of obvious siphonoglyphs and sheet like retractor muscles (Ruppert et al, 2004).

The skeleton is composed of calcium carbonate in the form of aragonite, this is secreted by the epidermis of the pedal disk in the solitary fungids (Ruppert et al, 2004). This produces a skeletal cup known as the corallite, this is what the coral tissue lives in and is used for protection (Ruppert et al, 2004).  The underside of the coral has radiating sclerosepta, these do not extend to the dorsal surface in fungiids and hence they do not have costae on the dorsal side (Ruppert et al, 2004).    


Within the gut of solitary corals, there are which extend from the septum and are used for defense, prey capture and digestion (Ruppert et al, 2009)

                                    Close up of the acontium within the blind gut of F.fungites

Close up of the pharynx of a F.fungites specimen, with moving acontium present:


Upon inspection of the ventral side of a F.fungites speimen an unknown moving structure was found:




(2 objects, created 5/6/2011)

Album: This is a private album that is not visible to anonymous users Great Barrier Reef Invertebrates



Album: 2012

Album: 2011