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You are here:   OldClasses > 2012 > Fungia fungites | Ben Murphy




Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)                                                

Common Mushroom Coral

Ben Murphy (2012)




Fact Sheet



Physical Description


Life History & Behaviour

Anatomy & Physiology

Evolution & Systematics

Biogeographic Distribution

Conservation & Threats

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Evolution & Systematics

The phylum Cnidaria is divided into three classes: Anthozoa,  Scyphozoa and Hydrozoa. Scyphozoa and Hydrozoa are within the Medusozoa taxon (Ruppert et al, 2004).


  1. Cnidaria:Polyp is the adult form, planula larvae, nematocytes, nematocytes with motile cilia, nerve nets, longitudinal musculature in ectoderm, circular musculature in endoderm, endodermal gonads, budding, mtDNA circular.
  2. Anthozoa: Polyps with pharynx, siphonoglyph, septa and septal filaments
  3. Medusozoa: medusa, mtDNA linear, tetramerous symmetry
  4. Scyphozoa: Medusae with rhopalia, gastric filaments, strobilation
  5. Hydrozoa: Medusae with velum, endermal nematocytes absent, gametes spawned directly from gonad to exterior, nerve rings with gap junctions

New molecular phylogenies place F.fungites as the sister taxon of a clade with Halomitra pileus, H.clavator and Danafungia scruposa (Gittenberger et al, 2011). Hence the Fungia genus is paraphyletic, meaning that all species within the Fungia genus do not come from a single common ancestor. This is supported by both molecular and morphological evidence (Gittenberger et al, 2011). Therefore the Fungiia genus is currently being revised and F.fungites is no longer in a monophyletic group with the other Fungiia species.




(2 objects, created 5/6/2011)

Album: This is a private album that is not visible to anonymous users Great Barrier Reef Invertebrates



Album: 2012

Album: 2011