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You are here:   OldClasses > 2012 > Panulirus ornatus | Conor Rath

 

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Panulirus ornatus Fabricus, 1798

 

Tropical Spiny Rock Lobster

 

                                        

         

Conor Rath (2012)                                                      

                                      

 


 

Fact Sheet

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Summary


Related Names


Physical Description


Ecology


Life History & Behaviour


Anatomy & Physiology


Evolution & Systematics


Biogeographic Distribution


Conservation & Threats


References & Links

Summary

The ornate spiny lobster, unlike other lobsters, lacks big front claws and relies upon spines covering majority of its body as its primary form of defence. The antennae and attenules on the Panulirus ornatus are used to provide protection and chemoreception. It is notable for its powerful tail-fan backward escape response which occurs when threatened (Pitcher et al. 1992c).

The tropical spiny rock lobster is widely distributed across the Indo-Pacific but is particularly abundant in the continental shelf area between the North Australian coast and Papua New Guinea (George,  1968).

Tropical spiny rock lobsters are typically known for being omnivorous scavengers feeding on a diverseassemblange of benthic species including: molluscs, crustaceans, echinoderms, seagrass and algae (Pitcher et al, 1992c).

Classification

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Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Arthropoda
Class
Malacostraca
Order
Decapoda
Superfamily
Palinuroidea
Family
Palinuridae
Genus
Panulirus

Common Names

ornate spiny lobster