Select the search type
 
  • Site
  • Web
Search
You are here:   OldClasses > 2012 > Pyura sp. | Gillian Backhouse

 

Minimize






Pyura sp.

Gillian Backhouse (2012)


 

 

Fact Sheet

Minimize

Summary


Physical Description


Ecology


Life History & Behaviour


Anatomy & Physiology


Evolution & Systematics


Biogeographic Distribution


Conservation & Threats


References & Links

Summary


Pyura sp is a solitary ascidian species that lives on the underside of coral rubble on the reef crest. This animal is covered in a thick leathery tunic which appears brown due to the epibionts growing on it. This species is a filter feeder and has two siphons (inhalant and exhalant) to allow the flow of water through its pharynx which filters out food particles. Asidians have a pelago-benthic lifecycle with free swimming tadpole larvae which settle and metamorphose into a sessile adult.




Figure 1. Pyura sp attached to a section of coral rubble collected from the reef crest at Heron Island


The basic biology and ecology of this species of ascidian was studied on Heron Island with a focus on the effect of suspended sediment on feeding efficiency. It was found that Pyura sp changed its feeding behaviour in response to suspended sediment, closing its siphons and possibly squirting out water. This study can be found under conservation and threats.

Classification

Minimize
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Cynthia arenosa (Herdman, 1881)
Cynthia jacatrensis (Sluiter, 1890)
Halocynthia jacatrensis ((Sluiter, 1890))
Pyura jacatrensis ((Sluiter, 1890))
Tethyum jacatrensis ((Sluiter, 1890))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Ascidia australis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834)
Boltenia australis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834)
Pyura parvispinatus (Kott, 1952)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Boltenia bouvetensis (Michaelsen, 1904)
Boltenia salebrosa (Sluiter, 1905)
Boltenia scotti (Herdman, 1910)
Boltenia turqueti (Sluiter, 1905)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Boltenia carnea ((Brewin, 1948))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Ascidia pyura (Gmelin, 1791)
Cynthia chilensis ((Molina, 1782))
Cynthia clavigera (Traustedt, 1883)
Cynthia nodulosa (Drasche, 1884)
Cynthia socialis (Troschell, 1852)
Halocynthia chilensis ((Molina, 1782))
Pyura clavigera ((Traustedt, 1883))
Pyura molinae (Blainville, 1824)

Common Names

Chileense pyurazakpijp
red sea squirt
violet chilien
Chilenische Aszidie
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Halocynthia comma (Hartmeyer, 1906)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Common Names

ミナミカラスボヤ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Halocynthia discoveryi (Herdman, 1910)
Holocynthia discoveryi (Herdman, 1910)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Cynthia discrepans (Sluiter, 1898)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Common Names

クチベニボヤ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Cynthia fissa (Herdman, 1881)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Cynthia gangelion (Savigny, 1816)
Halocynthia gangelion ((Savigny, 1816))
Pyura albanyensis (Michaelsen, 1927)
Pyura scoresbiensis (Kott, 1972)
Pyura tongaea (Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1976)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Boltenia antarctica (Beneden & Selys-Longchamps, 1913)
Boltenia georgiana (Michaelsen, 1898)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Boltenia gibbosa ((Heller, 1878))
Cynthia gibbosa (Heller, 1878)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Cynthia erecta (Ritter, 1900)
Cynthia haustor (Stimpson, 1864)
Cynthia macrosiphonus (Ritter, 1900)
Halocynthia haustor ((Stimpson, 1864))
Halocynthia johnsoni (Ritter, 1909)
Halocynthia washingtonia (Ritter, 1913)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Cynthiopsis herdmani ((Drasche, 1884))
Cynthiopsis valdivae (Michaelsen, 1904)
Cynthiopsis valdiviae (Michaelsen, 1904)
Microcosmus herdmani (Drasche, 1884)
Microcosmus herdmanii (Drasche, 1884)
Pyura herdmanni ((Drasche, 1884))
Pyura valdiviae ((Michaelsen, 1904))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Cynthia irregularis (Herdman, 1881)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Boltenia coacta (Gould, 1852)
Boltenia coarcta (Gould, 1852)
Boltenia legumen (Lesson, 1830)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Common Names

ウロコボヤ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Culeolus littoralis (Kott, 1956)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Cynthia lutea (Sluiter, 1900)
Pyura chathamensis (Brewin, 1956)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura

Synonyms

Pyura lycoperon (Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1983)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Pyura