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You are here:   OldClasses > 2012 > Stichopus horrens | Chantelle Morrison



Stichopus horrens (Selenka 1867)

Peanutfish, Flemfish, Selenka's sea cucumber

Chantelle Morrison (2012)



Fact Sheet



Physical Description


Life History & Behaviour

Anatomy & Physiology

Evolution & Systematics

Biogeographic Distribution

Conservation & Threats

References & Links

References & Links

BUCKIUS, C., ALBERT, S., TIBBETTS, I. & UDY, J. 2010. Effect of Diel Activity Patterns and Harvesting Pressure on the Diversity and Biomass of Sea Cucumbers in Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands. Environmental Management, 45, 963-973.

BYRNE, M., ROWE, F. & UTHICKE, S. 2010 .Molecular taxonomy, phylogeny and evolution in the family Stichopodidae (Aspidochirotida: Holothuroidea) based on COI and 16S mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 56, 1068-1081.

CONAND, C. 1993a. Ecology and Reproductive Biology of Stichopus Variegatus an Indo-Pacific Coral Reef Sea Cucumber (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Bulletin of Marine Science, 52, 970-981.

CONAND, C. 1993b. Reproductive biology of the holothurians from the major communities of the New Caledonian Lagoon. Marine Biology, 116, 439-450.

DAVIE, P. & OTHERS 2011. Wild Guide to Moreton Bay and Adjacent Coasts Brisbane, Queensland Museum.

FAN, S., HU, C., ZHANG, L., SUN, H., WEN,J. & LUO, P. 2012. Complete mitochondrial genome of the sea cucumber Stichopus sp. and its application in the identification of this species. Aquaculture Research, 43, 1306-1316.

FORGHANI, B., EBRAHIMPOUR, A., BAKAR, J.,ABDUL HAMID, A., HASSAN, Z. & SAARI, N. 2012. Enzyme Hydrolysates from Stichopus horrens as a New Source for Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptides. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2012, 236384.

HEARN, A. & PINILLOS, F. 2006. Baseline information on the warty sea cucumber Stichopus horrens in Santa Cruz, Galapagos, prior to the commencement of an illegal fishery. SPC Beche de Mer Information Bulletin,24.

KOHTSUKA, H., ARAI, S. & UCHIMURA, M.2005. Observation of asexual reproduction by natural fission of Stichopus horrens Selenka in Okinawa Island, Japan. SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin, 22.

KROPP, R. K. 1982. Responses of five Holothurian Species to Attacks by a Predatory Gastropod, Tonna perdix. Pacific Science, 36, 445 - 452.

NICHOLS, D. 1967. Echinoderms, London, Hutchinson University Library.

PAULAY, G. 2012. Stichopus horrens Selenka,1867. Online: World Register of Marine Species

ROWE, F. W. E. & GATES, J. 1995. Echinodermata. In: AUSTRALIA, C.(ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia.Melbourne: CSIRO Australia.

RUPPERT, E. E., FOX, R. S. & BARNES, R.D. 2004. Invertebrate Zoology: A Functional Evolutionary Approach, California, USA, Brooks/Cole.

SMITH, A. B. 1988. Fossil evidence for the relationships of extant echinoderm classes and their times of divergence. In: PAUL, C. R. C. & SMITH, A. B.(eds.) Evolutionary phylogeny and biology. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.

UTHICKE, S., BYRNE, M. & CONAND, C.2010. Genetic barcoding of commercial Bêche-de-mer species (Echinodermata:Holothuroidea). Molecular Ecology Resources, 10, 634-646.

WEN, J., HU, C. Q. & FAN, S. G. 2010. Chemical composition and nutritional quality of sea cucumbers. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 90, 2469-2474.