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You are here:   animal list > Herdmania momus

 

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Fact Sheet

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Overview

Brief Summary


Physical Description

Size


Identification Resources


Ecology

Local Distribution and Habitats


Biogeographical Distribution


Micro-habitats and Associations


Crypsis


Life History & Behaviour

Behaviour


Reproduction


Settlement Induction


Evolution & Systematics

Fossil History


Systematics or Phylogenetics


Morphology and Physiology

External Morphology


Internal Anatomy


Molecular Biology & Genetics

Nucleotide Sequences


Molecular Biology


Wikipedia


References

Bibliographies


Names & Taxonomy

Synonyms


Common Names

Brief Summary



Individual red-throated ascidian
Herdmania momus

Alyssa Budd (2011)


The red-throated ascidian, Herdmania momus is distributed across the globe and is a common inhabitant of the Great Barrier Reef. As part of the cryptic fauna, these intriguing animals are often overlooked yet when sighted, they contribute greatly to the beauty, magnificence and wonder of the reef. Defining these animals, is an anterior pair of brightly-coloured, trumpet-shaped siphons decorated with longitudinal stripes however, throughout the species' pan-tropical distribution a bewildering array of polymorphisms occur. Large variability both between and within populations has lead to great confusion over the taxonomic classification of H. momus which is consequently reliant on molecular genetics. On the Great Barrier Reef, the Heron Island population of red-throated ascidians is comprised of relatively large, translucent, peach-coloured specimens found on the underside of dead coral plates. Although these animals are fairly common on the reef, distribution appears random and upturning a colonised coral plate requires a bit of luck or a lot of persistence. Possible explanations for this patchy distribution may lie in larval settlement cues, discussed under the settlement induction tab on this site. 

Classification

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Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Stolidobranchia
Family
Pyuridae
Genus
Herdmania

Synonyms

Cynthia momus (Savigny, 1816)
Cynthie momus (Savigny, 1816)
Halocynthia momus ((Savigny, 1816))
Herdmania contorta (Monniot C., 1992)
Herdmania curvata (Kott, 1952)
Herdmannia contorta (Monniot C., 1992)
Pyura momus ((Savigny, 1816))
Pyura papietensis ((Herdman, 1882))
Rhabdocynthia mauritiana ((Drasche, 1884))
Rhabdocynthia tenuis (Sluiter, 1895)

Common Names

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