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You are here:   animal list > Pinctada margaritifera

 

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Pinctada margaritifera

Black lipped pearl oyster




Megan Van Dyk (2011)


 

 


 

Fact Sheet

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Overview

Brief Summary


Comprehensive Description


Distribution


Physical Description

Identification Resources


Ecology

Disease and Predation


Biofouling


Environmental Factors


Reproduction and Development

Sexual Morphology and Physiology


Spawning Seasonality


Larval Development


Evolution & Systematics

Fossil History


Phylogenetics


Morphology and Physiology

External Form and Function


Internal Anatomy and Function


Behaviour

Feeding


Feeding Rate


Respiration and Gas Exchange


Molecular Biology & Genetics

Molecular Biology


Nucleotide Sequence


Pearl Aquaculture

Economics and Pearl Farming


Pearl Production and Formation


Wikipedia


References & More Information

Content Partners


References


Biomedical Terms


Names & Taxonomy

Related Names


Synonyms


Common Names


Page Statistics

Content Summary

Brief Summary
 

   
 


 

Pinctada margaritifera or the Black-lipped pearl oyster is a Mollusc that belongs to the class Bivalvia. Bivalvia are also known as Pelecypoda or “hatchet-footed” animals, as their name implies. Like most bivalves, Pinctada margaritifera is a sedentary filter feeder that depends on currents, produced by cilia on their gills, to gather food particles. They have no head, no radula and very little cephalization as is seen in other molluscs.

Pinctada margaritifera are known and farmed for the black pearls (Tahitian Pearls) which they produce.

Distribution


Environmental ranges

Depth range (m): 0 - 55
Temperature range (°C): 22.924 - 25.622
Nitrate (umol/L): 0.049 - 0.232
Salinity (PPS): 35.069 - 35.290
Oxygen (ml/l): 4.663 - 4.971
Phosphate (umol/l): 0.075 - 0.187
Silicate (umol/l): 1.226 - 4.026


Classification

Minimize
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Arcida
Superfamily
Limopsoidea
Family
Philobryidae
Genus
Philobrya

Synonyms

Hochstetteria pinctada (Finlay, 1930)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada

Synonyms

Avicula anomioides (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula atropurpurea (Dunker, 1852)
Avicula concinna (Dunker, 1872)
Avicula fimbriata (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula flexuosa (Reeve, 1957)
Avicula imbricata (Reeve, 1857 [non Pinctada imbricata Röding, 1798])
Avicula irradians (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula placunoides (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula radula (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula reentsii (Dunker, 1872)
Avicula reeveana (Dunker, 1872)
Avicula scheepmakeri (Dunker, 1872)
Avicula sugillata (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula tristis (Dunker, 1872)
Meleagrina albina (Lamarck, 1819)
Pinctada atropurpurea ((Dunker, 1852))
Pinctada perrutila (Iredale, 1939)
Pteria carchariarum (Jameson, 1901)
Pteria placunoides ()

Common Names

モスソアコヤ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada

Synonyms

Avicula capensis (G. B. Sowerby III, 1890)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada

Synonyms

Avicula chemnitzii (Philippi, 1849)
Avicula lentiginosa (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula tegulata (Reeve, 1857)
Pinctada epitheca (Iredale, 1939)
Pteria tegulata ((Reeve, 1857))

Common Names

Cape pearl oyster
タイワンアオリ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada

Synonyms

Avicula aerata (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula alaperdicis (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula flabellum (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula fucata (Gould, 1850)
Avicula horrida (Dunker, 1872)
Avicula lacunata (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula martensii (Dunker, 1880)
Avicula occa (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula perviridis (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula savignyi ((Monterosato, 1884))
Avicula squamosa (Deshayes, 1830)
Avicula squamulosa (Lamarck, 1819)
Margarita crocata (Swainson, 1831)
Margaritifera vulgaris ((Schumacher, 1817))
Meleagrina imbricata ((Röding, 1798))
Meleagrina vulgaris ((Schumacher, 1817))
Perlamater vulgaris (Schumacher, 1817)
Pinctada fucata martensii ((Dunker, 1880))
Pinctada imbricata imbricata (Röding, 1798)
Pinctada martensi ()
Pinctada martensii ((Dunker, 1880))
Pinctada vulgaris ((Schumacher, 1817))
Pteria crocata ((Swainson, 1831))
Pteria imbricata ((Röding, 1798))
Pteria vulgaris ((Schumacher, 1817))

Common Names

Atlantic pearl-oyster
pearl oyster
Atlantische Perlmuschel
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada
Species
imbricata

Synonyms

Pinctada fucata ((Gould, 1850))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada
Species
imbricata

Synonyms

Pinctada radiata ((Leach, 1814))
Pteria occa (Reeve, 1857)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada

Synonyms

Avicula longisquamosa (Dunker, 1852)
Pteria longisquamosa ((Dunker, 1852))
Pteria viridizona (Dall, 1916)
Pteria xanthia (Schwengel, 1942)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada

Synonyms

Avicula maculata (Gould, 1850)
Avicula muricata (Reeve, 1857)
Avicula pica (Gould, 1852)
Pteria mauritii (Jameson, 1901)
Pteria nataliensis (Jameson, 1901)
Pteria panasesae (Jameson, 1901)
Pteria pitcairnensis (Jameson, 1901)

Common Names

ミドリアオリ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada

Synonyms

Avicula cumingii (Reeve, 1857)
Margarita sinensis (Leach, 1814)
Margaritifera fimbriata (Bryan, 1915)
Margaritifera margaritifera ((Linnaeus, 1758))
Margaritifera margaritifera zanzibarensis (Jameson, 1901)
Margaritiphora communis (Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811)
Meleagrina nigromarginata (Saville-Kent, 1893)
Mytilus margaritiferus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pinctada foliacea (Röding, 1798)
Pteria margaritifera (Linnaeus)

Common Names

black-lip pearl oyster
black-lip pearl shell
black-lipped pearl oyster
Pacific pearl-oyster
Große Seeperlmuschel
Schwarzlippige Perlmuschel
クロチョウガイ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada

Synonyms

Pinctada anomioides ((Reeve, 1857))
Pinctada anomoides ()
Pteria maxima (Jameson, 1901)

Common Names

black silver pearl oyster
gold-lip pearl-oyster
golden-lip pearl oyster
mother-of-pearl shell
pearl button oyster
Große Perlmuschel
シロチョウガイ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada

Synonyms

Avicula barbata (Reeve, 1857)
Meleagrina mazatlanica (Hanley, 1856)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada

Synonyms

Avicula nigra (Gould, 1850)

Common Names

ムラサキチョウガイ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Bivalvia
Order
Ostreida
Superfamily
Pterioidea
Family
Pteriidae
Genus
Pinctada