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You are here:   animal list > Spirobranchus giganteus

 

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Spirobranchus sp.

Christmas Tree Worm


Christopher De Martini (2011)

 

Fact Sheet

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Overview

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Brief Summary


Distribution


Physical Description

Size


Identification Resources


Ecology

Local Distribution and Habitats


Micro-habitats and Associations


Crypsis


Life History & Behaviour

Behaviour


Cyclicity


Morphology and Physiology

External Morphology


Internal Anatomy


Conservation and Importance

Conservation and Importance


Wikipedia


References & More Information

Bibliographies


Biodiversity Heritage Library


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Names & Taxonomy

Related Names


Synonyms


Common Names

Micro-habitats and Associations

It is known there is a strong relationship where Spirobranchus sp. is dependent on the coral in order to survive and reproduce. The coral provides the worm with a skeleton on which it can develop on. It also provides a barrier to the worm by physically shielding it from the harsh conditions of the external environment.  

Recently some studies have suggested that the presence of the Christmas tree worm may also increase the survival rate of disturbed coral. On a study conducted in the Red Sea by Ben-Tzvi and associates (Ben-Tzvi, Brokovich et al. 2006), it was discovered that the presence of the Christmas tree worm prevented or at least limited algae smothering, predation and bleaching effects on the coral. Although some damage was inflicted by these events, the Christmas tree worm allowed for the coral to produce new polyps once the damage was reduced and survive. This suggests that there is a mutually beneficial relationship between the two organisms. It is also believed that the worm can increase circulation around the coral surface, which would aid in waste disposal and nutrient gathering (Nakamura T 2003).

Classification

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Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Serpulidae
Genus
Spirobranchus

Synonyms

Cymospira bicornis ((Abildgaard, 1789))
Cymospira cervina (Quatrefages, 1866)
Cymospira gigantea (Pallas, 1766 in Blainville, 1828)
Cymospira megasoma (Quatrefages, 1866)
Cymospira rubus (Quatrefages, 1866)
Olga elegantissima (Jones, 1962)
Penicillum marinum (Seba, 1758)
Pomatoceros oerstedi (Voss & Voss, 1955)
Serpula bicornis ((Abildgaard, 1789))
Serpula gigantea ((Pallas, 1776))
Serpula gigantea (Pallas, 1766)
Serpula gigantea (Pallas, 1766)
Spirobranchus giganteus ((Pallas, 1776))
Spirobranchus giganteus giganteus ((Pallas, 1766))
Spirobranchus giganteus microceras (Mörch, 1863)
Spirobranchus giganteus tricornis (Mörch, 1863)
Spirobranchus megasoma ((Quatrefages, 1866))
Spirobranchus tricornis (Mörch, 1863)
Terebella bicornis (Abildgaard, 1789)

Common Names

イバラカンザシ