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You are here:   animal list > Stichopus chloronotus

 

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Stichopus chloronotus

Brandt, 1835

Greenfish




Rachel Hengst (2011)

              

 

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Brief Summary


Physical Description

Size and Appearance


Ecology

Distribution and Habitats


Microhabitats


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Life History & Behaviour

General Behaviour


Feeding and Predation


Reproduction and Life Cycle


Evolution & Systematics

Phylogenetics


Morphology and Physiology

External Morphology


Internal Anatomy


Cell Biology


Genetics

Nucleotide Sequences


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Threats and Conservation


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Names & Taxonomy

Related Names

Brief Summary

        
Image: Stichopus chloronotus on a sandy patch of the reef at Heron Island, Queensland. S. chloronotus is on the left, and on the the right is Holothuria atra.


         Stichopus chloronotus is a sea cucumber that can be found throughout the Indo-Pacific region on coral reefs (Clark and Rowe 1971). It can be identified by its prominent, orange-tipped papillae and dark green colour. S. chloronotus may host several species, some of which are considered parasitic (Trott 1970; Trott and Trott 1972; Britaev and Lyskin 2002). It is important on reefs for both turning over sediment and providing nutrients to microalgae (Uthicke 2001b). This species is also interesting, because it reproduces by both sexual and asexual reproduction. Asexual reproduction is accomplished by transverse fission and can result in highly skewed sex ratios within a population (Harriott 1980; Uthicke et al. 1999). S. chloronotus feeds by ingesting sediment and sorting the organic content from it (Uthicke 1999). This species suffers from little predation, as it is toxic to fish, but it can be eaten by gastropods and some other animals (Yamanouchi 1955; Parrish 1972).

         S. chloronotus belongs to the phylum Echinodermata and the family Aspidochirotida. It has the pentaradial symmetry of the echinoderms, but appears to be bilateral (Ruppert et al. 2004). Echinoderms, including S. chloronotus, are continually being studied due to their usefulness for medicinal and biotechnological purposes. While beche-de-mer fisheries are a general threat to sea cucumbers, there appears to be little threat to S. chloronotus specifically.

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Classification

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Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus

Synonyms

Holothuria viridis (Quoy & Gaimard in Cherbonnier, 1952)
Stichopus chloronotos (Brandt, 1835)
Stichopus chloronotus fuscus (Pearson, 1903)
Stichopus cylindricus (Haacke, 1880)
Stichopus hirotai (Mitsukuri, 1912)

Common Names

シカクナマコ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus

Synonyms

Stichopus variegatus hermanni (Semper, 1868)
Stichopus variegatus herrmanni (Semper, 1868)

Common Names

ヨコスジオオナマコ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus

Synonyms

Stichopus godeffroyi (Semper, 1868)
Stichopus godeffroyi pygmaeus (Semper, 1868)
Stichopus godefroyi (Semper, 1868)
Stichopus tropicalis (Fisher, 1907)
Stichopus variegatus (Semper, 1868)

Common Names

オニイボナマコ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus

Synonyms

Holothuria monotuberculata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834)
Stichopus unituberculatus ()
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus

Synonyms

Stichopus flaccus (Liao, 1980)
Stichopus levis (Sluiter, 1887)
Stichopus oshimae (Mitsukuri, 1912)
Stichopus variegatus pallidus (Clark, 1938)

Common Names

アカオニナマコ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus

Synonyms

Stichopus pseudhorrens (Cherbonnier, 1967)

Common Names

ムチイボナマコ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Echinodermata
Class
Holothuroidea
Order
Synallactida
Family
Stichopodidae
Genus
Stichopus