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Branchiomma sp. Kölliker, 1858 

Fan worm

Luana Burg Mayer (2014)


 

Fact Sheet

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Summary


Physical Description


Ecology & Habitat


Life History & Behaviour


Anatomy


Systematics


Biogeographic Distribution


Conservation


References & Links

Summary


The genus Branchiomma Kölliker consists of tube-building sabellid polychaetes, commonly called fan worms, that include around 30 species and is characterized by the presence of compound eyes in pairs and stylodes distributed along the tentacles (Capa et al. 2013). They live mostly in sheltered shallow waters, usually in colonies (Licciano and Giangrande, 2008) and can be found all over the world. In Australia, there are currently eight species described. Some species of Branchiomma are considered invaders and can damage its environment (Tovar-Hernandez et al. 2011). On the other hand, they can be used as bioindicators to assess levels of water pollution since they accumulate fecal coliforms and other bacteria in their radioles (Licciano et al. 2007).  


Fig. 1. Detail of the tentacles and stylodes. Note the paired eyes. 


Fig. 2. Closed and open tentacles.


Fig. 3. Segmented body.

Classification

Minimize
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Branchiomma arctica ((Ditlevsen, 1937))
Sabellastarte arctica (Ditlevsen, 1937)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Dasychone argus (Sars, 1862)
Dasychone herdmani (Hornell, 1892)
Sabella carnea (Johnston, 1846)
Sabella savignyii (Johnston, 1865)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Branchiomma infarcta bahusiensis (Johansson, 1927)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Dasychone bairdi (McIntosh, 1885)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Branchiomma boholensis ([auct.])
Sabella boholensis (Grube, 1878)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Amphitrite bombyx (Dalyell, 1853)
Branchiomma dalyelli (Kölliker, 1858)
Dasychone bombyx ((Dalyell, 1853))
Dasychone dalyelli (Levinsen, 1883)
Sabella polyzonos (Grube, 1863)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Branchiomma capensis ((McIntosh, 1885))
Dasychone argus capensis (McIntosh, 1925)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Branchiomma cingulata ([auct. misspelling])
Branchiomma japonicum ((McIntosh, 1885))
Dasychone cingulata (Grube, 1870)
Dasychone japonica (McIntosh, 1885)
Dasychone maculata (Fischli, 1903)
Dasychonopsis pallidus (Bush, 1905)
Sabella cingulata (Grube, 1870)
Sabella havaica (Kinberg, 1866)
Sabellastarte japonica ((McIntosh, 1885))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma
Species
cingulatum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Branchiomma arenosa ((Treadwell, 1924))
Dasychone conspersa (Ehlers, 1887)
Dasychonopsis arenosa (Treadwell, 1924)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Dasychone corollifera (Ehlers, 1913)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Branchiomma costaricensis (Tovar-Hernández & Dean, 2010)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Dasychone curta (Ehlers, 1901)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Dasychone galei (Augener, 1914)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Dasychone gravelyi (Aziz, 1938)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Dasychone inconspicua (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Branchiomma infarcata ([auctt])
Branchiomma infarcta ((Krøyer, 1856))
Dasychone decora (Sars, 1862)
Dasychone infarcta ((Krøyer, 1856))
Sabella infarcata ([auctt])
Sabella infarcta (Krøyer, 1856)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Branchiomma luctuosa ((Grube, 1870))
Sabella luctuosa (Grube, 1870)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Dasychone lucullana ((Delle Chiaje, 1828))
Sabella lucullana (Delle Chiaje, 1828)
Sabella villosa (Quatrefages, 1866)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Branchiomma natalensis ((Kinberg, 1866))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Order
Sabellida
Family
Sabellidae
Genus
Branchiomma

Synonyms

Bispira nigromaculata ((Baird, 1865))
Dasychone argus chefinae (McIntosh, 1925)
Dasychone loandensis (Treadwell, 1943)
Dasychone ponce (Treadwell, 1901)
Sabella crispa (Krøyer, 1856)
Sabella lynceus (Krøyer, 1856)
Sabella nigromaculata (Baird, 1865)