Select the search type
  • Site
  • Web



Clibanarius longitarus

Blue Striped Hermit Crab
Lisa Walton (2014)

Photo: courtesy of Ron Yeo,, 2013



Fact Sheet



Habitat & Distribution


Population Demographics

Investigation: An up-close look at the unique and complex appendages of an aquatic hermit crab

Gas exchange

Internal transport


Nervous system

Feeding & Digestion


Development & larvae


Evolution & Phylogeny

Conservation, Threats, and Importance



Abrams, P.A., 1988. 'Sexual di¡erence in resource use in hermit crabs: consequences and causes. In Behavioural adaptation to intertidal life (ed. G. Chelazzi and M. Vannini)', pp. 283^296. NewYork: Plenum, Inc.

Bartilotti C. et al. (2008) 'Complete larval development of the hermit crabs Clibanarius aequabilis and Clibanarius erythropus (Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae), under laboratory conditions, with a revision of the larval features of genus Clibanarius', Helgoland Marine Research vol. 62, iss. 2, pp. 103-121.

Bertini G. & Fransozo A. (2002) 'Breeding season of the hermit crab Petrochirus diogenes (Anomura: Diogenidae) in the north coast of Sao Paulo State, Brazil' Modern approaches to the study of Crustacea, pp. 145-150, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands.

Bertness MD. (1981) 'Pattern and Plasticity in Tropical Hermit Crab Growth and Reproduction', The American Naturalist, Vol. 117, No. 5, pp. 754-773.

Bertness MD. (1981) 'Seasonality in the reproduction of hermit crabs from the Bay of Panama. Biotropica', The American Naturalist, Vol. 117, No. 5, pp. 754-773.

Branco JO., Turra A. & Souto FX. (2002) 'Population biology and growth of Dardanus insignis at Armacao do Itapocoroy, southern Brazil' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 82, pp. 597-563.

Hess GS. and Bauer RT. (2002) 'Spermatophore transfer in the hermit crab Clibanarius vittatus (crustacea, anomura, diogenidae).', Journal of Morphology vol. 253, iss. 2, pp. 166-175.

IUCN Red list of threatened species (2013)

Lewinsohn, C. (1969). 'Die Anomuren des Roten Meeres (Crustacea Decapoda: Paguridae, Galatheidae, Hippidae)' Zoologische Verhandelingen (Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden), vol. 104, pp. 213.

Litulo C. (2005) 'Population biology and fecundity of the Indo-Pacific hermit crab Clibanarius longitarus (Anomura: Diogenidae)', Journal of Marine Biology, vol. 85, iss. 1, pp. 121-125

Macpherson E. & Raventos N. (2004) 'Population structure and reproduction of three sympatric hermit crabs in the northwestern Mediterranean' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 84, pp. 371-376.

Martinelli JM., Mantelatto FLM. & Fransozo A. (2002) Population structure and breeding season of the South Atlantic hermit crab Loxopagurus loxochelis (Anomura, Diogenidae) from the Ubatuba region, Brazil' Crustaceana, vol. 75, pp. 791-802.

Rahayu DL. (2003) 'Hermit crab species of the genus Clibanarius (Crustacea; Decapoda; Diogenidae) from mangrove habitats in Papua, Indonesia, with a description of a new species.', Memoirs of Museum Victoria, vol. 60, iss. 1, pp. 99-104

Richmond, M. (1997) 'A guide to the seashores of Eastern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean islands.' Sida/Department for Research Cooperation, Stockholm, Sweden. pp. 448.

Ruppert EE., Fox RS., & Barnes RD. (2004) 'Invertebrate Zoology: A Functional Evolutionary Approach, Seventh Edition' Brooks/Cole, Belmont, USA

Squires HJ., Ennis JP. & Dawe G. (2001) 'On biology of two sympatic species of hermit crabs' NAFO Scientific Council Studies, vol. 34, pp. 7–17.

Teoh HW. & Chong VC., (2013) 'Reproduction strategies and population dynamics of two Diogenes hermit crabs (Superfamily: Paguroidea) in a tropical mangrove estuary', Hydrobiologia, vol. 724, pp. 255-265.

Teoh HW. & Chong VC. (2013) 'Shell use and partitioning of two sympatric species of hermit crabs on a tropical mudflat', Journal of Sea Research. doi:10.1016/j.seares.2013.10.008.

Tirelli T. et al. (2007) 'Reproductive Biology of Mediterranean Hermit Crabs: Male Reproductive Apparatus of Clibanarius erythropus (Decapoda Anomura)', Journal of Crustacean Biology, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 404-410.

Tudge CC., Asakura A., & Ahyong TS. (2004) THE CRUSTACEA COMPLEMENTARY TO THE TRAITE DE ZOOLOGIE: INFRAORDER ANOMURA MACLEAY 1838 vol. 9B ch. 70 pp. 221-333, Brill, Leiden, Boston.

Turra A., Branco JO. & Souto FX., (2002) 'Population biology of the hermit crab Petrochirus diogenes (Linnaeus) (Crustacea, Decapoda) in southen Brazil' Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, vol. 19, pp. 1043-1051.

Turra A. & Leite FPP. (2000) 'Population biology and growth of three sympatric species of intertidal hermit crabs in southeastern Brazil' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 80, pp. 1061-1069.

Wada S., Goshima S. & Nakao S. (1995) 'Reproductive biology of the hermit crab Pagurus niddendori Brandt (Decapoda, Anomura, Paguridae)' Crustacean Research, vol. 24, pp. 12-32.

Zar JH. (1999) Biostatistical analysis. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Ziegler TA. & Forward Jnr RB. (2006) 'Larval release behaviours of the striped hermit crab, Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc): Temporal pattern in hatching', Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology vol. 335, pp. 245–255.