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Cliona sp.

Boring Sponge

Christelle Legrand (2013)


 

Fact Sheet

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Summary


Physical Description


Ecology


Bioerosion


Symbiosis


Life History & Behaviour


Feeding


Reproduction


Larvae


Movement


Anatomy & Physiology


Cell Types


Bioerosion Process


Cell Biology


Evolution & Systematics


Biogeographic Distribution


Conservation & Threats


Independent Project


References & Links

Summary

Commonly known as the Boring Sponge, the genus of sponge, Cliona, within the family Clionidae, class Demospongiae, has a worldwide distribution. However, within Australia, they can particularly be found at Heron Island on the Southern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, where Demosponges are a common occurrence. 

As its common name suggests, Cliona is known for its bioeroding abilities, boring its way through coral rubble where it can be predominantly found, providing an optimum habitat for this sponge. Generally identifiable from its yellow to brown colour, with little distinguishable features, this Cliona sp. is clearly penetrated within the decaying rubble.

In order to better understand the Cliona physiology, a specific study on Cliona's cell aggregation and self-non-self recognition was undertaken. During this process, it was noted that the yellow sponge tissue changed to a purple colour upon aggravation of the sponge. This appears to be a novel siting as this colour change is not mentioned in any cited literature. Results were observed and recorded.

       
 Location of Heron Island (Source: http://www.usdivetravel.com/R-Australia-Heron.htm)

   
Image of two individuals of Cliona sp. collected on Heron Island*






*All images displayed throughout the web page were taken by Christelle Legrand unless otherwise specified







Classification

Minimize
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona

Synonyms

Cliona aprica profunda (Pang, 1973)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Species
argus
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona

Synonyms

Pione caesia (Schönberg, 2000)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona

Synonyms

Cliona celata californiana (de Laubenfels, 1932)
Pseudosuberites pseudos (Dickinson, 1945)

Common Names

California boring horny sponge
éponge de Californie
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona

Synonyms

Cliona langae (Pang, 1973)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona

Synonyms

Vioa carteri (Ridley, 1881)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona

Synonyms

Cliona alderi (Hancock, 1849)
Cliona angulata (Hancock, 1849)
Cliona celata linearis (Sollas, 1878)
Cliona clio ((Nardo, 1839))
Cliona coccinea ((Nardo, 1839))
Cliona globulifera (Hancock, 1867)
Cliona gorgonioides (Hancock, 1849)
Cliona griffithsii ((Bowerbank, 1866))
Cliona hystrix ((Johnston, 1842))
Cliona pasithea ((Nardo, 1839))
Cliona sulphurea ((Desor, 1851))
Cliona tenebrosus ((Bowerbank, 1882))
Cliona terebrans ((Duvernoy, 1840))
Cliona typica ((Nardo, 1833))
Halichondria celata ((Grant, 1826))
Halichondria hystrix (Johnston, 1842)
Hymeniacidon celata ((Grant, 1826))
Hymeniacidon celatus ((Grant, 1826))
Hymeniacidon tenebrosus (Bowerbank, 1882)
Pione typica ((Nardo, 1833))
Raphyrus griffithsii (Bowerbank, 1866)
Rhaphyrus griffithsii (Bowerbank, 1866)
Spongia peziza (Bosc, 1802)
Spongia terebrans (Duvernoy, 1840)
Suberites griffithsii ((Bowerbank, 1866))
Vioa celata ((Grant, 1826))
Vioa clio (Nardo, 1839)
Vioa coccinea (Nardo, 1839)
Vioa dujardini (Nardo, 1844)
Vioa pasithea (Nardo, 1839)
Vioa typica (Nardo, 1833)

Common Names

esponja perforant
boorspons
gele boorspons
boring sponge
red boring sponge
sulfur sponge
yellow boring horny sponge
yellow boring sponge
clione jaune
éponge jaune
gelber Bohrschwamm
gelber Borschwamm
Zellenbohrschwamm
カクレセンコウカイメン
wiertka złotawa
esponja perforante
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona

Common Names

orange boring sponge
Oranger Bohrschwamm
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona

Synonyms

Spirastrella dioryssa (de Laubenfels, 1950)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Clionaida
Family
Clionaidae
Genus
Cliona