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Entacmaea quadricolor

Bubble-tip anemone

Nicola Wood (2013)
 

 

Fact Sheet

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Summary


Physical Description


Ecology


Habitat


Symbioses


Life History and Behaviour


Reproduction


Development


Feeding


Mobility


Anatomy & Physiology


Internal Morphology


Respiration


Toxins


Biolfluorescence


Evolution & Systematics


Biogeographic Distribution


Conservation & Threats


References & Links


Summary


The bubble-tipped anemone, Entacmaea quadricolor, is a colourful representative of the Actiniaria family. It is widely distributed around the globe and is named for the diagnostic shape of it's tentacles which form bulbs either at the extreme distal end of the tentacle or just back from tip. The physical appearance is highly variable with many colour variations and two different morphologies. One morph is colonial with small polyps and lives predominantly in the shallow waters of the reef crest. The second morph is larger and lives as a solitary polyp in deeper waters of the reef slope.

This species is known for it's symbiotic relationship with a large number of different anemone fish species. A less popularized symbiosis also exists between E. quadricolor and obligate photosynthetic zooxanthellae, brown algae, which live inside the anemones and acting as a carbon and nitrogen source.

Like many Cnidaria E. quadricolor contains proteins which fluoresce under different wave lengths. This species is known, within biomedical fields, as the source of a unique far red shifted Red Florescent Protein (RFP), eqFP611, which has important applications in multicolor and full body tissue imaging.

The conservation status of this species is currently unknown, however commercial harvest and oceanic warming may both pose threats which may need to be managed in the future.

Classification

Minimize
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia bermudensis ferruginea (Verrill, 1898)
Actinia bermudensis prunicolor (Verrill, 1907)
Diplactis bermudensis (McMurrich, 1889)

Common Names

maroon anemone
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia adspersa (Gravenhorst, 1831)
Actinia cari (Delle Chiaje, 1822)
Actinia cari concentrica ()
Actinia cari radiata ()
Actinia concentrica (Risso, 1826)
Actinia equina cari (Delle Chiaje, 1822)
Actinia virgata (Johnson, 1861)

Common Names

green sea anemone
Gürtelrose
Ringelrose
Λωριδανεμόνα
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia chlorodactyla (Brandt, 1835)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia cleopatrae (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834)
Isacmaea cleopatrae ((Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Paractis curta ()
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Diplactis delicatula ((Hertwig, 1888))
Hormathia delicatula (Hertwig, 1888)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinea chiococca ()
Actinea margaritifera ()
Actinea mesembryanthemum ()
Actinia cerasum (Dalyell, 1848)
Actinia chiococca (Cocks in Johnston, 1847)
Actinia corallina (Risso, 1826)
Actinia equina chiococca (Andr.)
Actinia equina mesembryanthemum (Linn.)
Actinia equine ()
Actinia equini ()
Actinia hemisphaerica (Pennant, 1777)
Actinia hemispherica (Pennant, 1777)
Actinia margaritifera (Templeton, 1836)
Actinia mesembryanthemum (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
Actinia purpurea (Cuvier, 1798)
Priapus equinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Priapus ruber (Forsskål, 1775)

Common Names

anemonia e kuqe
thundërkali e kuqe
tomàquet de mar
gemeene zeeanemoon
gewone zeeanemoon
paardenanemoon
rode paardeanemoon
rode paardenanemoon
beadlet anemone
plum anemone
red sea anemone
hepomerivuokko
actinie rouge
Pferdeaktinie
Purpurrose
pomodoro di mare
ウメボシイソギンチャク
Κόκκινη ανεμώνα
Morango-do-mar
tomate de mar
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia equina fragacea (Gosse)

Common Names

aardbeianemoon
strawberry anemone
Erdbeeranemone
Erdbeerrose
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Bunodes gemma ((Drayton in Dana, 1846))
Cereus gemma ()
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia gracilis (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia laurentii (Brandt, 1835)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia mammillaris ()
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia equina mediterranea (Schmidt, 1971)
Actinia schmidti (Monteiro, Sole-Cava & Thorpe, 1997)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia mertensii (Brandt, 1835)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia mesembryanthemum (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia equina prasina ()
Actinia mesembryanthemum prasina (Gosse, 1860)

Common Names

groene paardeanemoon
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia reclinata (Bosc, 1802)
Viatrix reclinata ((Bosc, 1802))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia rosula (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Paractis rosula ()
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia equina atlantica (Schmidt, 1971)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia simplex (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Anthozoa
Order
Actiniaria
Superfamily
Actinioidea
Family
Actiniidae
Genus
Actinia

Synonyms

Actinia equina striata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)

Common Names

zebra anemoon