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Eurythoe laevisetis


Catherine Russo (2014)


Fact Sheet



Physical Description


Light Preference (Experiment)

Life History & Behaviour


Reproduction: Sexual

Reproduction: Asexual (Experiment)



Anatomy & Physiology

External Anatomy

Internal Anatomy

Evolution & Systematics

Biogeographic Distribution

Conservation & Threats

References & Links

Ahrens, JB, Kudenov, JD, Marshall, CD & Schulze, A 2014, ‘Regeneration of posterior segments and terminal structures in the bearded fireworm, Hermodice carunculata (Annelida: Amphinomidae)’, Journal of Morphology, doi: 10.1002/jmor.20287.

Arias, A, Barroso, R, Anadon, N & Paiva PC 2013, ‘On the occurrence of the fireworm Eurythoe complanata complex (Annelida, Amphinomidae) in the Mediterranean Sea with an updated revision of the alien Mediterranean amphinomids’, ZooKeys, vol. 337, pp. 19-33.

Barroso, R, Klautau, M, Sole-Cava, AM & Paiva, PC 2010, ‘Eurythoe complanata (Polychaeta: Amphinomidae), the ‘cosmopolitan’ fireworm, consists of at least three cryptic species’, Marine Biology, vol. 157, pp. 69-80.

Barroso, R & Paiva, PC 2007, ‘Amphinomidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from Rocas atoll, Northeastern Brazil’, Arquivos do MuseuNacional, vol. 64, pp. 357-362.

Bely, AE 2006, ‘Distribution of segment regeneration ability in the annelida’, Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 508-518.

Edmonds, SJ, Fauchald, K, Glasby, CJ, Grygier, MJ, Hutchings, PA, Paxton, H, Rouse, GW, Southward, EC, Russell, CW & Wilson, RS 2000, Polychaetes & Allies: The Southern Synthesis, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Hickman, CP, Roberts, LS, Keen, SL, Eisenhour, DJ, Larson, A & l’Anson, H 2012, Integrated Principles of Zoology, 15 edn, McGraw Hill, London.

Lawry, JV 1970, ‘Mechanisms of locomotion in the polychaete, Harmothoe’, Comp. Biochem. Physiol, vol. 37, pp.167-179.

Marcano, L, Nusetti, O, Rogriguez-Grau, J, Briceno, J & Vilas J 1997, ‘Coelomic Fluid Lysozyme Activity Induction in the Polychaete Eurythoe complanata as a Biomarker of Heavy Metal Toxicity’, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,vol. 59, pp. 22-28.

Marsden, JR & Galloway, M 1967, ‘The microanatomy of the supraoesophageal ganglion of Eurythoe complanata (Polychaeta; Amphinomidae)’, Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol. 46, pp. 349-367.

Mendez, N, Green-Ruiz, C & Vazquez-Nunez, R 2009, ‘Mortality and Abnormalities Observed After Experimental Hg Exposure in the Polychaete Eurythoe complanata (Pallas) from Mazatlan, Mexico’, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 83, no. 4, pp.488-492.

Muller, MCM, Berenzen, A & Westheide, W 2003, ‘Experiments on anterior regeneration in Eurythoe complanata ("Polychaeta", Amphinomidae): reconfiguration of the nervous system and its function for regeneration’, Zoomorphology, vol. 122, no. 2, pp. 95-103.

Pardo, EV & Amaral, ACZ 2006, ‘Foraging and mobility and three species of Aciculata (Annelida: Polychaeta)’, Brazilian Journal of Biology, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 1065-1072. 

Van Veghal, MLJ 1993, ‘Multiple species spawning on Curacao Reefs’, Bulletin of Marine Science, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 1017-1021.

Wanninger, A & Brinkmann, N 2010, ‘Integrative analysis of polychaete ontogeny: cell proliferation patterns and myogenesis in trochophore larvae of Sabellaria alveolata’, Evolution & Development,vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 5-15.