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Haliotis ovina (Gmelin, 1791)

Sheep's Ear Abalone
or
Oval Abalone

Tim Vance (2013)


 
 

 

Fact Sheet

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Summary


Physical Description


Ecology


Life History & Behaviour


Feeding Preference Experiment


Anatomy & Physiology


Evolution & Systematics


Biogeographic Distribution


Conservation & Threats


References & Links

Summary

 

Haliotis ovina shells showing dorsal spiral spire and internal nacreous
surface (left) (Photo from Wikimedia Commons)
Raised and open holes (tremata) are visible on the
dorsal view of the shell (right) (Author's photo)​


Abalone are marine gastropod molluscs which can be found throughout the world in tropical and temperate waters. They inhabit shallow waters less than 30 m deep and are found on reefs and rocky shorelines (Geiger and Poppe, 2000; Degnan et al. 2006). Many people are likely to be familiar with the larger temperate abalone species that are farmed and fished commercially in the waters of southern Australia, like the greenlip (Haliotis laevigata) and the blacklip (Haliotis rubra) abalone (Jarayabhand and Paphavasit, 1996; PIRSA Fisheries and Aquaculture, 2012).

There are three species of abalone found on the Great Barrier Reef; Haliotis ovina (Sheep's Ear Abalone), Haliotis asinina (Ass's Ear Abalone) and Haliotis varia (Variable Abalone or Common Ear Shell) (Degnan et al., 2006), but these species are also found throughout the Indo-Pacific, as far north as southwestern Japan (Geiger and Poppe, 2000).

They are usually distinguished by their shell features such as overall size, shape, colour and patterning, as well as the colour and mass of their muscular foot. All three tropical abalone species are herbivores, feeding on the abundant macroalgae found on the reef.

H. ovina is a nocturnal feeder, hiding in crevices and between dead coral during the day. It inhabits the intertidal zone near the reef crest and has been found at depths of up to 30 metres (Geiger and Poppe, 2000).

Classification

Minimize
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Kingdom
Chromista
Phylum
Foraminifera
Class
Globothalamea
Order
Rotaliida
Superfamily
Discorboidea
Family
Bronnimanniidae
Genus
Bronnimannia

Synonyms

Discorbina haliotis (Heron-Allen & Earland, 1924)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis asinum (Donovan, 1808)

Common Names

ass's ear abalone
donkey's ear abalone
Eselsohr-Abalone
ミミガイ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis aleata (Röding, 1798)
Haliotis costata (Swainson, 1822)
Haliotis rugosoplicata (Schumacher, 1817)

Common Names

silver abalone
silver paua
Silberne Abalone
Silbernes Meerohr
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis brazieri hargravesi (Cox, 1869)
Haliotis hargravesi (Cox, 1869)
Marinauris hargravesi ((Cox, 1869))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis clathrata tomricei (Patamakanthin, 2002)
Haliotis tomricei (Patamakanthin, 2002)
Haliotis tuvuthaensis (Ladd in Ladd & Hofmeister, 1945)
Haliotis venusta (A. Adams & Reeve, 1848)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis corrugata corrugata (W. Wood, 1828)

Common Names

pink abalone
Rosa Abalone
Rosafarbenes Meerohr
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Species
corrugata

Synonyms

Haliotis oweni (Talmadge, 1966)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis cracherodii cracherodii (Leach, 1814)

Common Names

black abalone
Schwarze Abalone
Schwarzes Meerohr
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Species
cracherodii

Synonyms

Haliotis bonita (Orcutt, 1900)
Haliotis californiensis (Swainson, 1822)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis excavata (Lamarck, 1822)

Common Names

circular ear shell
whirling abalone
Gewirbelte Abalone
Gewirbeltes Mausohr
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis dalli dalli (Henderson, 1915)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Species
dalli

Synonyms

Haliotis roberti (McLean, 1970)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis discus discus (Reeve, 1846)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Species
discus

Common Names

Japanese abalone
エゾアワビ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Sanhaliotis dissona (Iredale, 1929)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis diversicolor diversicolor (Reeve, 1846)

Common Names

multicolored abalone
Vielfarbige Abalone
Vielfarbiges Meerohr
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Species
diversicolor

Synonyms

Haliotis elevata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1882)
Haliotis funebris (Reeve, 1846)
Haliotis squamata (Reeve, 1846)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis clathrata (Lichtenstein, 1794)

Common Names

elegant abalone
Gerippte Abalone
Geripptes Mausohr
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis fulgens fulgens (Philippi, 1845)

Common Names

green abalone
Grüne Abalone
Grünes Meerohr
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Species
fulgens

Synonyms

Haliotis guadalupensis (Talmadge, 1964)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Species
fulgens

Synonyms

Haliotis turveri (Bartsch, 1942)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis gigas (Röding, 1798)
Haliotis sieboldii (Reeve, 1846)
Haliotis tubifera (Lamarck, 1822)

Common Names

reuzenzeeoor
giant abalone
ormeau géant
Japanisches Riesenmeerohr
Riesen-Seeohr
Riesenabalone
Riesenmeerohr
メガイアワビ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis picta (Röding, 1798)
Haliotis ziczac (Reeve, 1846)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis iris (Gmelin, 1791)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis jacnensis jacnensis (Reeve, 1846)

Common Names

コビトアワビ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Species
jacnensis
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis kamtschatkana assimilis (Dall, 1878)
Haliotis kamtschatkana kamtschatkana (Jonas, 1845)

Common Names

Japanese abalone
pinto abalone
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis albicans (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834)
Haliotis glabra (Swainson, 1822)
Schismotis excisa (Gray, 1856)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Nordotis madaka (Habe, 1977)

Common Names

マダカアワビ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis dentata (Jonas, 1844)
Haliotis mariae dentata (Jonas, 1846)
Haliotis mariae mariae (Wood, 1828)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis decussata (Philippi, 1850)
Haliotis guineensis (Gmelin, 1791)
Haliotis rosacea (Reeve, 1846)
Haliotis strigata (Weinkauff, 1883)
Haliotis virginea (Reeve, 1846)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis mathesonensis ((Eagle, 1996))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis matihetihensis ((Eagle, 1999))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis ethologus ((Iredale, 1927))
Marinauris ethologus (Iredale, 1927)
Marinauris melculus (Iredale, 1927)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis capensis (Dunker, 1844)
Haliotis midae elatior (Pilsbry, 1890)
Haliotis midae elatior (Pilsbry, 1890)

Common Names

parelmoerzeeoor
abalone
perlemoen
perlemoen abalone
ormeau de Mida
Südafrikanische Abalone
Südafrikanisches Meerohr
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis ovina ovina (Gmelin, 1791)

Common Names

マアナゴ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Species
ovina

Synonyms

Haliotis volcanius (Patamakanthin & Eng, 2002)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis canaliculata (Fischer von Waldheim, 1807)
Haliotis canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822)
Haliotis carinata (Swainson, 1822)
Haliotis cingulata (Röding, 1798)
Haliotis kraussi (W. H. Turton, 1932)
Haliotis rubicunda (Röding, 1798)
Padollus rubicundus (Montfort, 1810)

Common Names

spiral-ridged siffie
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis grayana (G. B. Sowerby II, 1882)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis

Synonyms

Haliotis pourtalesii pourtalesii (Dall, 1881)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Lepetellida
Superfamily
Haliotoidea
Family
Haliotidae
Genus
Haliotis
Species
pourtalesii

Synonyms

Haliotis aurantium (Simone, 1998)