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Trididemnum sp.

Georgina Walker (2013)

 

 

Fact Sheet

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Summary


Physical Description


Ecology


Life History & Behaviour


Anatomy & Physiology


Evolution & Systematics


Biogeographic Distribution


Conservation & Threats


References & Links

References & Links

Arkett. SA, Mackie. GO & Singla. CL 1989, ‘Neuronal organization of the ascidian (Urochordata) branchial basket revealed by cholinesterase activity’, Cell and Tissue Research, vol. 257, no. 2, pp. 285-294.

BIODIDAC, 2013, ‘Animalia - Urochordata - Ascidiacea’ viewed 26 October 2013, http://biodidac.bio.uottawa.ca/thumbnails/filedet.htm?File_name=UROC004B&File_type=GIF

Brown. F & Swalla. BJ 2012, Evolution and development of budding by stem cells: Ascidian coloniality as a case study’, Developmental Biology, vol. 369, no. 2, pp. 151-162. 

Cox. G 1986, ‘Engulfment of Prochloron Cells by Cells of the Ascidian, Lissoclinum’, United Kingdom Journal of Marine Biology, vol. 63, pp. 195-198.

Cox. G 1986, ‘Comparison of Prochloron from Different Hosts. I. Structural and Ultrastructural Characteristics’, New Phytologist, vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 429-445.

Hirose. E, Adachi. R & Kuzo. K 2006, ‘sexual reproduction of the Prochloron-bearing ascidians, Trididemnum cyclops and Lissoclinum bistratum, in subtropical waters: seasonality and vertical transmission of photosymbionts’, Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 175-179. 

Hirose. E, Hirose. M & Neilan. BA 2006,’Localization of Symbiotic Cyanobacteria in the Colonial Ascidian Trididemnum miniatum (Didemnidae, Ascidiacea)’, Zoological Science, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 435-442. 

Hirose. E, Kojima. A, Nogmai. J & Teruya. K 2007,’Seasonality of sexual reproduction in three photosymbiotic Trididemnum species (Didemnidae: Ascidiacea: Tunicata) in a subtropical sea grass bed’, Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 979-982. 

Kojima. A & Hirose. E 2012, ‘Transmission of Cyanobacterial Symbionts During Embryogenesis in the Coral Reef Ascidians Trididemnum nubilum and T. clinides (Didemnidae, Ascidiacea, Chordata)’, Biological Bulletin, vol. 222, no. 1, pp. 63-73

Lemaire. P, Smith. WC & Nishida.H 2008, ‘Ascidians and the Plasticity of the Chordate Developmental Program’, Current Biology, vol. 18, no.14, 620-631.

Memoirs of the Australian Museum 2001, The Australian Ascidiacea. Part 4, Aplousobranchia (3), Didemnidae, viewed 29 October 2013, http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40460926

Michaels. AF. 1983, ‘The Evolution of Marine Algal- Invertebrate Symbiosis with Special Reference to the Prochloron-Didemnum Symbiosis’, Masters thesis, University of Arizona, Arizona

Mukai. H, Sugimoto. K & Taneda. Y 2005, ‘Comparative studies on the circulatory system of the compound ascidians,Botryllus, Botrylloides and Symplegma’, Journal of Morphology, vol. 157, no. 1, pp. 49-77. 

Munchhoff. J, Hirose. E, maruyama. T, Sunairi.M, Burns. BP & Neilan. BA 2007, ‘Host specificity and phylogeography of the prochlorophyte Prochloronsp., an obligate symbiont in didemnid ascidians’, Environmental Microbiology, vol. 9, no.4, pp.890-899.

Pennachetti. CA 1984, ‘Functional morphology of the branchial basket of ascidia paratropa (Tunicata, Ascidiacea)’, Zoomorphology, vol.104, no. 4, pp. 216-222. 

Peterson. J 2007, ‘Ascidian Suspension Feeding’,Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 342, no. 1, pp. 127-137. 

Rupert, EE, Fox, RS & Barnes, RD 2004, Invertebrate Zoology, Seventh Edition, Thomson brooks/cole.

Shenkar. N & Swalla. BJ (2011) ‘Global Diversity of Ascidiacea’. PLoS ONE 6(6): e20657. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020657

The Global Biodiversity Information Facility: GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, 2013. ‘Trididemnum’

Accessed via http://www.gbif.org/species/2329876 on 2013-10-31

Yund. PO, Marcum.Y & Stewart-Savage.J 1997, ‘Life-History Variation in a Colonial Ascidian:Broad-Sense Heritability's and Tradeoffs in Allocation to Asexual Growth and Male and Female Reproduction’, Biological Bulletin, vol. 192, no.2 .290-299

Links

Links to general information on various ascidian species. 

http://www.ascidians.com/

http://www.marinespecies.org/ascidiacea/index.php

Classification

Minimize
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Didemnum areolatum (Herdman, 1906)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Trididemnum africanum (Michaelsen, 1915)
Trididemnum luderitzi (Michaelsen, 1919)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Didemnum cereum (Giard, 1872)
Didemnum niveum (Giard, 1872)
Didemnum sargassicola (Giard, 1872)
Trididemnum fallax ((Lahille, 1890))
Trididemnum graphicum (Lahille, 1890)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Trididemnum symbioticum (Peres, 1962)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Didemnopsis jolense (Van Name, 1918)
Leptoclinum discrepans (Sluiter, 1909)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Didemnum dispersum (Sluiter, 1909)
Trididemnum tegulum (Kott, 1984)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Didemnum farrago (Kott, 2004)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Didemnoides inarmata ((Drasche, 1883))
Didemnopsis inarmata ((Drasche, 1883))
Didemnum inarmatum (Drasche, 1883)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Leptoclinum marmoratum (Sluiter, 1909)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Didemnopsis microzoa (Redikorzev, 1913)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Trididemnum nube (Monniot F., 1991)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Ascidiacea
Order
Aplousobranchia
Family
Didemnidae
Genus
Trididemnum

Synonyms

Didemnum opacum (Ritter, 1907)
Trididemnum dellavallei (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917)
Trididemnum dellavalley (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917)

Images

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(48 objects, created 10/11/2012)

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