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                                   Turbo undulatus
                                                   

Wavy Turban

Feng Yi Tham (2013)




Fact Sheet

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Overview

Synonyms


Comprehensive Description


Physical description

Size


Appearence


Ecology

Biogeographical Distribution


Interaction (experiment)


Local Distribution and Habitat


Movement and locomotion (Experiment)


Life History

Reproduction


Diet


Anatomy and Physiology

External anatomy


Internal anatomy


Functional biology


Nervous system


Evolution & Systematics

Fossil history


Phylogenetics


Threats


Wikipedia


References & Links


Names and Taxanomy

Taxanomy


Related names


Common names


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                               Brief Summary

Turbo undulatus resides on the reef crest of Heron island. Their cryptic nature is observed in their choice of habitat where the snails hide in holes and cervices amongst rocky coral boulders. The rocky habitat may be  preferentially selected to best suit their body plan and function allowing enhanced maneuverability and grip. Their food source, algae (Steinberg,1992) is commonly found growing on these coral boulders as well.

To study habitat selection, a small scale experiment was conducted overnight on heron island under "local distribution and habitat" tab. To test if rocky substrates is better suited to its functional biology, a righting experiment was also carried out where the snails were forced to right using various substrate textures. This can be found in the "interaction" tab. 

On the reef crest, there are many other species that live in sympatric with Turbo undulates. Their interaction and ecology was tested. I also tested if they used chemoreception, mechonoreception or photoreception to sense their environment (seen under "movement" tab). 

  



Brief anatomy overview
Turbo undulatus are secondarily asymmetrical with a single spirally coiled shell into which the body can be withdrawn (Brusca and Brusca, 2003). They undergo torsion, a developmental process in which the visceral mass and mantle rotates 90-180 degrees on foot, such that the mantle cavity lies anterior or on the right side, and gut and nervous system are twisted (Brusca and Brusca, 2003). They have a muscular creeping foot, head with statocyst and eye, one pair of tentacles, a complex radula, 1-2 nephridia and a mantle which houses ctenidiaosphradia and hypobranchial glands (produces mucus and biologically active compounds; Brusca and Brusca, 2003). Having a reduced coelom, their principal body cavity is a hemocoel (Brusca and Brusca, 2003)Their embroygeney is protostomous and they are indirect developers with a trochophore and veliger larva (Brusca and Brusca, 2003).

Classification

Minimize
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Poecilosclerida
Family
Desmacididae
Genus
Desmapsamma

Synonyms

Holopsamma turbo (Carter, 1885)
Sigmatella turbo ((Carter, 1885))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Arthropoda
Class
Insecta
Order
Lepidoptera
Superfamily
Papilionoidea
Family
Lycaenidae
Genus
Deudorix
Species
epijarbas
Kingdom
Chromista
Phylum
Foraminifera
Class
Globothalamea
Order
Rotaliida
Superfamily
Discorboidea
Family
Discorbidae
Genus
Discorbina

Synonyms

Trochulina turbo ((d'Orbigny in Deshayes, 1832))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Porifera
Class
Demospongiae
Order
Poecilosclerida
Family
Latrunculiidae
Genus
Latrunculia
Kingdom
Chromista
Phylum
Ciliophora
Class
Heterotrichea
Order
Heterotrichida
Family
Metopidae
Genus
Metopus
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Arthropoda
Class
Insecta
Order
Trichoptera
Superfamily
Limnephiloidea
Family
Brachycentridae
Genus
Micrasema
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Arthropoda
Class
Hexanauplia
Order
Cyclopoida
Family
Lichomolgidae
Genus
Parapanaietis
Kingdom
Chromista
Phylum
Foraminifera
Class
Globothalamea
Order
Lituolida
Superfamily
Hormosinoidea
Family
Reophacidae
Genus
Reophax

Synonyms

Reophax distans turbo (Goës, 1896)
Kingdom
Chromista
Phylum
Ciliophora
Class
Oligotrichea
Order
Strombidiida
Family
Strombidiidae
Genus
Strombidium

Synonyms

Strombilidium turbo ()
Kingdom
Chromista
Phylum
Foraminifera
Class
Globothalamea
Order
Textulariida
Superfamily
Textularioidea
Family
Textulariidae
Genus
Textularia
Kingdom
Chromista
Phylum
Ciliophora
Class
Oligotrichea
Order
Tintinnida
Family
Codonellidae
Genus
Tintinnopsis
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo albofasciatus (Bozzetti, 1994)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo angelvaldesi (Ortea & Espinosa, 1996)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Lunatica taitensis (Noodt, 1819)
Turbo argyrostomus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Turbo argyrostomus argyrostomus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Names

silver-mouthed turban
silvermouth turban
Silbermund-Turbanschnecke
チョウセンサザエ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo artensis (Montrouzier in Souverbie, 1860)
Turbo artensis (Montrouzier, 1860)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo bozzettiana (Bozzetti, 2011)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Trochus filosus (W. Wood, 1828)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo canaliculatus spengleriana (Gmelin, 1791)
Turbo spenglerianus (Gmelin, 1791)

Common Names

channeled turban
Gefurchte Turbanschnecke
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Aorotrema erraticum (Pilsbry & McGinty, 1945)
Turbo castanea crenulata (Gmelin, 1791)
Turbo castanea moltkiana (Gmelin, 1791)
Turbo granulata ((Röding, 1798))
Turbo hippocastanum (Lamarck, 1822)

Common Names

chestnut turban
orange cat eye snail
Kastanien-Turbanschnecke
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Common Names

gold-mouthed turban
Goldmund-Turbanschnecke
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo cidaris (Gmelin, 1791)
Turbo cidaris (Gmelin, 1791)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo
Species
cidaris

Synonyms

Liotia fulgens (Gould, 1859)
Turbo cidaris cidaris (Gmelin, 1791)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo
Species
cidaris

Synonyms

Turbo cidaris natalensis (Krauss, 1848)
Turbo natalensis (Krauss, 1848)
Turbo natalensis (Reeve, 1848)
Turbo natalensis unicolor (W. H. Turton, 1932)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo brachiatus (Perry, 1811)
Turbo chinensis (Ozawa & Tomida, 1995)
Turbo cornutus (Lightfoot, 1786)
Turbo cornutus chinensis (Ozawa & Tomida, 1995)
Turbo cornutus cornutus (Lightfoot, 1786)
Turbo siamea (Röding, 1798)

Common Names

horned turban
Gehörnte Turbanschnecke
サザエ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo debesi (Kreipl & Alf, 2000)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo excellens (G. B. Sowerby III, 1914)

Common Names

ニシキサザエ
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo exquisitus (Angas, 1877)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo fluctuosus (W. Wood, 1828)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo funiculosus (Kiener, 1848)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo gemmatus (Reeve, 1848)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo gruneri (Philippi, 1846)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Halopsephus pulcher (Rehder, 1943)
Turbo haraldi (Robertson, 1957)
Turbo pulcher ((Rehder, 1943))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo haynesi ((Preston, 1914))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo heterocheilus (Pilsbry, 1889)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo imperialis (Gmelin, 1791)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo cernicus (G. B. Sowerby III, 1896)
Turbo japonicus (Reeve, 1848)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo jonathani (Dekker, Moolenbeek & Dance, 1992)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Dinassovica verconis (Iredale, 1937)
Turbo jourdani (Kiener, 1839)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo pulcher (Reeve, 1842)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo laetus (Philippi, 1849)
Turbo splendidulus (G. B. Sowerby III, 1886)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Delphinula ducalis (Philippi, 1845)
Turbo argyrostomus lajonkairii ((Deshayes, 1839))
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo foliaceus (Philippi, 1847)
Turbo folicaeus ([sic])
Turbo lamellosus (Philippi, 1846)
Turbo lamniferus ([sic])
Turbo scabrosus (Preston, 1914)
Turbo squamosus (J.E. Gray, 1847)
Turbo turbinopsis (Lamarck, 1822)
Turbo turriformis (Preston, 1914)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo lorenzi (Alf & Kreipl, 2015)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo marisrubri (Kreipl & Alf, 2001)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Synonyms

Turbo markusrufi (Kreipl & Alf, 2003)
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Gastropoda
Order
Trochida
Superfamily
Trochoidea
Family
Turbinidae
Genus
Turbo

Common Names

giant green turban
great green turban
green snail
green turban
Grüne Turbanschnecke
Grüner Turban
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