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You are here:   animal list > Cypraea tigris




Cypraea Tigris Linnaeus 1758

Tiger Cowry

Chantelle Reid (2011)


Fact Sheet


Brief Summary

Historical importance


Local Distribution and Habitats

Biogeographical Distribution

Life History



Evolution & Systematics

Systematics or Phylogenetics

Morphology and Physiology

External Morphology





References & More Information



Besley, P. L, Ross, G.J.B & Wells, A. 1998. Mollusca, The southern synthesis: Fauna of Australia. Vol. 5. CSIRO publishing Melbourne.

Burgess, C. 1986 Cowries of the world. Cape Town: Gordon Verhoef Seacomber Publications.

Dias, T, Neto, N & Alves, R. 2011 'Molluscs in the marine curio and souvenir trade in NE Brazil: species composition and implications for their conservation and management', Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 20, pp. 2393-2405.

Encylopedia of Life. "Cypraea tigris" Accessed October 26, 2011.

Foin, T. 1989 'Significance of shell thickness in cowries (Megogastropoda:Cypraeidae)', Bulletin of Marine Science, vol. 45, pp. 505-518.

Frank, P. 1969 'Growth rates and longevity of some gastropod mollusks on the coral reef at Heron Island', Oecologia, vol. 2, pp. 232-250.

Harms, R. 1986 'Cowries', The Journal of African History, vol. 28, pp. 436-438.

Kozminsky, E & Lezin, P. 2007 'Distribution of Pigments in the Shell of the Gastropod Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)', Russian Journal of Marine Biology, vol. 33, pp. 238-244.

Lindsay, D. 1982 ‘A new programmatic basis for shell pigment patterns in the bivalve mollusk Lioconcha castrensis’, Differentiation, vol. 21, pp. 32-36.

Linnaeus, C. 1758 (in Latin). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae :secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 10th edition ed. Stockholm: Laurentius Salvius.

Meyer, C. 2003 'Molecular systematics of cowries (Gastropoda: Cypraeidae) and diversification patterns in the tropics', Biological Journal of Linnean Society, vol. 79, pp. 401-459.

Poutiers, J. 1998 'Gastropods', Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes: The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific Volume 1. "Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods". Rome: United Nations FAO. pp. 494–495.

Renaud, M. 1971 ‘Aspects of the biology and ecology of Cypraea moneta at Eniwetak Atol, Marshall Islands’. M. Sc. Thesis, University of Hawaii.

Smithsonian (National Museum of Natural History). 2011. "Morphological variation in the Tiger Cowrie Shell, Cypraea tigris Linnaeus, 1758." Accessed October 25, 2011.

Walls, J. 1987. Cowries. 2nd Ed. Hong Kong: T.F.H Publications.

Wilson, B. 1985 'Direct development in southern australian cowries (Gastropoda:Cypraeidae)', Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, vol. 36, pp. 267-280.