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You are here:   animal list > Alpheus strenuus




Alpheus strenuus Dana, 1852

Snowflake snapping shrimp

James Stewart Dobson (2011)



Fact Sheet


Brief Summary

Global Distribution

Physical Description


Identification Resources


Local Distribution, Habitats and Associations

Life History & Behaviour



Evolution & Systematics

Systematics or Phylogenetics

Morphology and Physiology

External Morphology

Internal Anatomy

Molecular Biology & Genetics

Nucleotide Sequences

Molecular Biology


Names & Taxonomy

Common Names



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Banner, D.M., & Banner, A.H. 1983, ‘An annotated checklist of the alpheid shrimp from the western Indian ocean’, Travaux et Documents de l’ORSTOM, Vol. 158, pp. 1-164.


Bracken, H.D., De Graves, S. & Felder, D.L. 2009, ‘Phylogeny of the infraorder Caridea based on mitochondrial and nucleus genes (Crustacea: Decapoda)’, in JW Martin, KA Crandall & DL Felder (eds.), Decapod crustacean phylogenetics, CRC press, Boca Raton, pp. 281-305.


Bauer, R.T. (ed) 2004, Remarkable shrimps, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.


Chace, F.A. 1988, ‘The caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) of the Albatross Philippine Expedition, 1907-1910, Part 5: Family Alpheidae’, Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, Vol. 466, pp. 1-112.


Chace, F.A. Jr. 1992, ‘On the classification of the Caridea (Decapoda)’, Crustaceana, Vol. 63, pp. 70-80.


Christoffersen, M.L 1989, ‘ Phylogeny and classification of Pandaloidea (Crustacea, Caridea)’, Cladistics, Vol. 5, pp. 259-274.


Dana, J.D. 1852, ‘Conspectus Crustaceorum quae in Orbis Terrarum circumnavigatione, Carolo Wilkes e classe Reipublicae Foederatae Duce, lexit et descripsit’, Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Vol. 6, pp. 10-21.


Felgenhauer, B.E. & Abele, L.G. 1985, ‘Feeding structures of two atyid shrimps, with comments on caridean phylogeny’, Journal of Crustacean Biology, vol. 5, pp. 397-419.


Garassimo, A. & Bravi, S. 1998, ‘”Plattenkalk” of the Lower Cretaceous (Albian) of Petina, in the Albumi Mounts (Campania, S. Italy), and its decapod crustacean assemblage’, Atti Soc. It. Sci. nat., Vol. 138, pp. 89-118.


Garassimo, A. & Bravi, S. 2003, ‘Palaemon antonellae new species (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea) from the Lower Cretaceous “Platydolmite” of Profeti (Caserta, Italy)’, Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 77, pp. 589-592.


Glaessner, M.F. 1969, ‘Arthropoda 4, Part R Decapoda’, in RC Moore (ed), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.


Kim, D.H., Jo, Q., Choi, J.H., Yun, S.J., Oh, T.Y., Kim, B.K. & Han, C. 2003, ‘Sperm structure of the pandalid shrimp Pandalopsis japonica (Decapod, Pandalidae)’, Journal of Crustacean Biology, Vol. 23, pp. 23-32.


Lohse, D., Schmitz, B. & Versluis, M. 2001, ‘Snapping shrimp make flashing bubbles’, Nature, Vol. 413, pp. 477–478.


Martin, KA Crandall & DL Felder (eds.) 2009, Decapod crustacean phylogenetics, CRC press, Boca Raton.


Mellon, D.J. 1999, ‘Muscle restructuring in crustaceans: myofiber death, transfiguration and rebirth’, Am. Zool., Vol. 39, pp. 527-540.


Porter, M.L., Perez-Losada, M. & Crandall, K.A., 2005, ‘Model-based multi-locus estimation of decapod phylogeny and divergence times’, Mol. Phylog. Evol., Vol. 37, pp. 355-369.


Schram, FR (ed.) 1986, Crustacea, Oxford University Press, N.Y.


Thompson, J. 1967, ‘Comments on phylogeny of section Caridea (Decapoda Natania) and the phylogenetic importance of the Oplophoroidea’, Proc. Symp. Crustacea, Vol. 1, pp. 314-326.


Versluis, M., Schmitz, B., von der Heydt, A. & Lohse, D. 2000, ‘How snapping shrimp snap: through cavitation bubbles’, Science, Vol. 289, pp. 2114-1227.


Wicksten, M.K. 2010, ‘Infraorder Caridea’, in FR Schram & JC von Vaupel Klein (eds.), The Crustacea, Koninklijke Brill, Leiden, pp. 165-206.