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You are here:   animal list > Linckia laevigata




Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Blue Sea Star

Wing Yan Yuen (2011)

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BOOLOOTIAN, R. A. (ed.) 1966. Physiology of Echinodermata: a collective effort by a group of experts, New York: Interscience.

CLARK, A. M. 1968. Starfishes and their relations, London, Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History).

CLARK, H. E. S. & MCKNIGHT, D. G. 2001. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Echinodermata: Asteroidea (sea-stars). Order Valvatida, Wellington, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA).

CLARK, H. L. 1946. The echinoderm fauna of Australia: its composition and its origin, Washington, Carnegie Institution of Washington.

COLEMAN, N. 2007. Sea stars: Echinoderms of the Asia/Indo-Pacific, Springwood, Neville Coleman's Underwater Geographic Pty Ltd.

HUMES, A. G. & HO, J. S. 1966. Cyclopoid copepods associated with the starfish Choriaster granulatus (Lütken) in Madagascar. Cahiers ORSTOM.Série Océanographie, 4, 93-108.

KOCHZIUS, M., SEIDEL, C., HAUSCHILD, J., KIRCHHOFF, S., MESTER, P., MEYER-WACHSMUTH, I., NURYANTO, A. & TIMM, J. 2009. Genetic population structures of the blue starfish Linckia laevigata and its gastropod ectoparasite Thyca crystallina. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 396, 211-219.

LAWRENCE, J. M. 1987. A functional biology of echinoderms, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.

LAXTON, J. H. 1974. A preliminary study of the biology and ecology of the blue starfish Linckia Zaevigata (L.) on the Australian Great Barrier Reef and an interpretation of its role in the coral reef ecosystem. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 6, 47-64.

MOORE, A. 1910. On the Righting Movements of the Starfish. Biological Bulletin, 19, 235-239.

MOOSLEITNER, H. 2004. Observation of Asteroidea (Echinodermata) around the Indonesian island of Bali. In: HEINZELLER, T. & NEBELSICK, J. H. (eds.) Echinoderms: Munchen. London: Taylor & Francis.

MOTOKAWA, T. & WAINWRIGHT, S. A. 1991. Stiffness of starfish arm and involvement of catch connective tissue in the stiffness change. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology, 100, 393-397.

NICHOLS, D. 1967. Echinoderms, London, Hutchinson University Library.

RUPPERT, E., FOX, R. & BARNES, R. 2004. Invertebrate zoology : a functional evolutionary approach, Thomson Learning-Brooks/Cole.

STRONG, R. D. 1975. Distribution, morphometry, and thermal stress studies on two forms of Linckia (Asteroidea) on Guam. Micronesica, 11, 167-183.

THOMPSON, G. & THOMPSON, C. 1982. Movement and Size Structure in a Population of the Blue Starfish Linckia laevigata (L.) at Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 33, 561-573.

WILLIAMS, S. T. 2000. Species boundaries in the star®sh genus Linckia. Marine Biology, 136, 137-148.

WILLIAMS, S. T. & BENZIE, J. A. H. 1993. Genetic consequences of long larval life in the starfish Linckia laevigata (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) on the Great Barrier Reef. Marine Biology, 117, 71-77.

WILLIAMS, S. T. & BENZIE, J. A. H. 1998. Evidence of a Biogeographic Break Between Populations of a High Dispersal Starfish: Congruent Regions Within the Indo-West Pacific Defined by Color Morphs, mtDNA, and Allozyme Data. Evolution, 52, 87-99.

YAMAGUCHI, M. 1977. Population Structure, Spawning, and Growth of the Coral Reef Asteroid Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus). Pacific Science, 31, 13-30.