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You are here:   animal list > Planaxis sulcatus



Planaxis sulcatus (Born, 1778)

Furrowed Clusterwink

Terence Tan (2011)


Fact Sheet


Brief Summary

Common Names

Comprehensive Description

Biogeographical Distribution

Physical Description and Morpholgy

Features of a Planaxid Shell


Shell Morphology

External Anatomy

Internal Anatomy


Evolution & Systematics

Fossil History



Local Distribution and Habitats

Micro-habitats and Associations

Life History & Behaviour

Larval Development

Reproductive Behaviour

Locomotion and Foraging Behaviour

Predator Avoidance and Escape Behaviour


Trends and Threats

References & More Information


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Encyclopaedia of Life (2011). ’Planaxis sulcatus’, Accessed through: Encyclopaedia of Life at on 2011-10-22.

Houbrick, RS 1987, 'Anatomy, Reproductive Biology, and Phylogeny of the Planaxidae (Cerithiacea: Prosobranchia)', Smithsonian contributions to zoology, vol. 445, pp. 1-68.

Jacobsen, HP & Stabell, OB 1999, 'Predator-induced alarm responses in the common periwinkle, Littorina littorea: dependence on season, light conditions, and chemical labelling of predators', Marine Biology, vol. 134, no. 3, pp. 551-7.

Lam, KKY 2002, 'Escape responses of intertidal gastropods on a subtropical rocky shore in Hong Kong', Journal of Molluscan Studies, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 297-306.

Lau, SY 2004, 'The Ecology of Planaxis sulcatus (Born, 1780) (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) in Hong Kong', Degree of Doctor of Philisophy thesis, The University of Hong Kong.

McKillup, SC & McKillup, RV 1993, 'Behavior of the Intertidal Gastropod Planaxis sulcatus (Cerithiacea: Planaxidae) in Fiji: Are Responses to Damaged Conspecifics and Predators More Pronounced on Tropical Versus Temperate Shores  ', Pacific Science, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 401-7.

Ohgaki, S-I 1997, 'Some aspects of the breeding biology of Planaxis sulcatus (Born) (Gastropoda:Planaxidae)  ', Journal of Molluscan Studies, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 49-56.

Rittschof, D, Tsai, DW, Massey, PG, Blanco, L, Kueber, GL & Haas, RJ 1992, 'Chemical mediation of behavior in hermit crabs: Alarm and aggregation cues', Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 959-84.

Rohde, K 1981, 'Population Dynamics of Two Snail Species, Planaxis sulcatus and Cerithium moniliferum, and their Trematode Species at Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef', Oecologia, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 344-52.

Rosenberg, G. (2010). ‘Planaxis sulcatus (Born, 1778)’, Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2011-10-22.

Ruppert, EE, Fox, RS & Barnes, RD 2004, Invertebrate Zoology : A Functional Evolutionary Approach, 7 edn, Brooks/Cole, Belmont.

Sarkar, A, Ray, D, Shrivastava, A & Sarker, S 2006, 'Molecular Biomarkers: Their significance and application in marine pollution monitoring', Ecotoxicology, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 333-40.

Stirling, HP 1982, 'The upper temperature tolerance of prosobranch gastropods of rocky shores at Hong Kong and Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania', Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 133-44.

Strong, EE, Colgan, DJ, Healy, JM, Lydeard, C, Ponder, WF & Glaubrecht, M 2011, 'Phylogeny of the gastropod superfamily Cerithioidea using morphology and molecules', Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 162, no. 1, pp. 43-89.

Taylor, JD 1978, 'Habitats and diet of predatory gastropods at addu atoll, maldives', Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 83-103.