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Thuridilla bayeri

Painted slug

Sirada Oratanachai (2011)                                                                                                                       

Thuridilla bayeri from Heron Island (20 Sep 2011)


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Physical Description


Colour Identification


Local Distribution and Habitats

Biogeographical Distribution

Life History & Behaviour




Chemical Evolution

Systematics or Phylogenetics

Morphology and Physiology

External Morphology

Internal Anatomy


Molecular Biology & Genetics

Nucleotide Sequences



References & More Information


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Names & Taxonomy

Synonyms & Common name




Boettger, C. (1954)."Die Systematik der euthyneuren Schnecken."Zool 18: 253-279.

Bourcher, L.M. (1983). "Extra-capsular yolk bodies in the egg masses of some tropical Opistobranchia." Journal of Molluscan Studies 49:232-241.

Boss, K.J. (1982) Mollusca. In Synopsis and classification of livingorganisms(ed. S.P. Parker), pp. 945-1166. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Cimino, G Ghiselin, M.T.(1998). "Chemical defense and evolution in the Sacoglossa (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia)." Chemoecology 8: 51-60.

DeFreese, D. E. (1987). "Ecology and burrowing behavior of Ascobulla ulla (Opisthobranchia: Ascoglossa)."Veliger 30: 40-45.

Gascoigne, T. (1976) "The reproductive systems and classification of the Stiligeridae (Opisthobranchia: Sacoglossa)." J. malac. Soc. Aust. 3: 157-172.

Goiliner, T.M. (1995). "The genus Thuridilla (Opisthobranchia: Elysiidae) from the tropical Indo-Pacific, with a revision of their phylogeny and systematics of the Elysiidae. "Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 49(1): 1-54.

Greene, R. W. (1970) "Symbiosis in sacoglossan opisthobranchs: symbiosis with algal chloroplasts". Malacologia 10: 357-368.

Hoff, P.J. Carson, C.H. (1978). "The identifiable Elysia from Guam." Veliger 20: 89-113.

Jensen, K.R. (1992). "Anatomy of some indo-pacific Elysiidae (Opisthobranchia: Sacoglossa(=Ascoglossa)), with a discussion of the generic division and phylogeny." The Malacological Society of London 58: 257-296.

Jensen, K.R. (1997) "Evolution of the Sacoglossa (Mollusca, Opisthobranchia) and the ecological associations with their food plants." Evolutionary Ecology 11: 301-335.

Jensen, K.R. (2006). "Biogeography of the Sacoglossa (Mollusca, Opisthobranchia)." Bonner Zoologishche Beitrage 55: 255-281.

Kay, E. A. 1968. A review of the bivalved gastropods and a discussion of evolution within the Sacoglossa. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. 22:109-134.

Marcus, E. (1980). "Review of western atlantic Elysiidae (Opisthobranchia Ascoglossa) with a description of new Elysia species. Bulletin of Marine Science 30: 54-79.

Marcus, E, deB.-R (1982) "Systematics of the genera of the order Ascoglossa (Gastropoda). J. mollusc. Stud. 10: 1-31.

Marshall, J.G., William R.C. (1999). Nudibranch of Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef: a survey of the Opisthobranchia (sea slugs) of Heron and Wistari Reefs, Backhuys, Australia.

Risbec, J. (1928)."Contribution a l'etude des nudibranches Neo-Caledoniens." Faune de Colonies Francaises: 1-328.

Sander-Eser, B. (1984). "Vergleichende Untersuchungen zur Anatomie and Histologie der vorderen Genitalogane der Ascoglossa (Gastropoda, Euthyneura)." Zoologische Jahrbucher 111:195-243.

Schmekel, L. & Portmann, A. (1982) Opisthobranchiades Mittelmeeres. Nudibranchia und Saccoglossa. Berlin and New York: Springer.

Thompson, T.E. Jaklin, A (1988). "Eastern mediterranean opisthobranchia: Elysiidae (Sacogloossa = Asoglossa)." The Malacological Society of London. 54:59-49.

Wagele et al. (2010). "Two new sacoglossan sea slug species (Opisthobranchia, Gastropoda): Ercolania annelyleorum sp. nov. (Limapontioidea) and Elysia asbecki sp. nov. (Plakobranchoidea), with notes on anatomy, histology and biology." Zootaxa 2676: 1-28.

Wagele et al. (2010). "Solar Powered Seaslugs (Opisthobranchia, Gastropoda, Mollusca): Incorporation of Photosynthetic Units: A Key Character Enhancing Radiation?" Evolution in Action 9(13): 263-282.

Wagele, H. (2000). "Phylogeny of the Nudibranchia." Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 130: 83-181.

Wagele. G.  Johnson,  H (2001). "Observations on the histology and photosynthetic performance of “solar-powered” opisthobranchs (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Opistho- branchia) containing symbiotic chloroplasts or zooxanthellae." Organisms diversity & Evolution 1: 193-210.

Wagele, H Klussmann-Kolb, A (2005). "Opisthobranchia (Mollusca, Gastropoda) – more than just slimy slugs. Shell reduction and its implications on defence and foraging." Frontiers in Zoology 2(3): 1-18.

Wagele, H Handeler, K . (2007). "Preliminary study on molecular phylogeny of Sacoglossa and a compilation of their food organism*." Booner Zoologishche Beitrage 55.