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You are here:   animal list > Holothuria leucopsi




Holothuria leucopsilota


(Brandt 1935)

The Black Sea Cucumber

Tanya Pernase (2011)



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Brandt JK (1835) Prodromus descriptions animalium ab H. Mertension…observatorum. Fasc 1: 1-75

 Conand C & Mangion P (2002) Sea cucumbers on La Reunion Island fringing reefs: Diversity, distribution, abundance and structure of the populations. SPC Bech-de-mer Information Bulletin 17: 27-34

Conand C, Morel C & Mussard R (1997) A new study of asexual reproduction in holothurians: Fission in Holothuria leucospilota populations on Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean.  SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 9: 7-11

Dabbagh A, Sedaghat MR, Rameshi H & Kamrani E (2011) Breeding and larval rearing of the sea cucumber Holothuria leucospilota Brandt (Holothuria vagabunda Selenka) from the northern Persian Gult, Iran. SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 31:35-39

Deichmann E (1958) The Holothurioidea collected by the Velero III and IV during the years 1932-1954. Pacific Expedition. 11: 249-349

Dzeroski S & Drumm D (2003) Using regression trees to identify the habitat preference of the sea cucumber (Holothuria leucospilota) on Rarotonga, Cook Islands. Ecological Modelling 170: 219-226

Drumm D, Purvis M & Zhou Q (1999) Spatial ecology and artificial neural networks: modelling the habitat preference of the sea cucumber (Holothuria leucospilota) on Rarotonga, Cook Island. Neural Networks 1-11

Han H, Yi, YH, Liu BS, Wang XH & Pan MX (2008) Leucospilotaside C, a new sulphated triterpene glycoside from sea cucumber Holothuria leucospilota. Chines Chemical Letters 19: 1462-1464

Mangion P, Taddei D, Frouin P & Conand C (2004) Feeding rate and impact of sediment reworking by two deposit feeders Holothuria leucospilota and Holothuria artra on a fringing reef (Reunion Island, Indian Ocean). Echinoderms: Muchen 311-317

Morgan AD (2000) Induction of spawning in the sea cucumber Holothuria scabra (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 31: 186-194.

Motokawa T (1984). Vescoelasticity of Holothurian body wall. Journal of Experimental Biology 109: 63-75

Nagabhushanam R, Kumar BA & Sarojini R (1994) Toxicity evaluation of Holothria (Mertensionthuria) leucospilota (Brandt) and the effect of toxin on the prawn Caridina Radhari. Bulletin of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute 46: 51-56

Ong Che (1990) Aspects of the feeding biology of Holothuria lecusopilota Brandt (Echindoermata: Holothuroidea) in Hong Kong. Asian Marine Biology 7: 144-146

Purwati P (2009) Oocytes of Holothuria leucospilota (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea): An ultra structural study. Marine Resources Indonesia 34(1) 17-26

Purwati P & Luong-van JT (2003) Sexual reproduction in a fissiparous holothurians species, Holothuria leucospilota Clark 1920 (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 18: 33-39

Ruegg JC (1971) Smooth muscle tone. Physiological Reviews 51: 201-248

Ruppert ER, Fox RS & Barnes RD (2004) Invertebrate Zoology: A Functional Evolutionary Approach, Seventh Edition. Brooks/Cole: Belmont.

Selenka E (1867) Beitrage zur Anatomis un Systematik der Holthurien. Ztschr. Fl. Wissensch. Zoology 17: 291-374

Soltani M, Radkhah K, Mortazavi MS & Gharibniya M (2010) Early Development of the Sea Cucumber Holothuria leucospilota. Research Journal of Animal Sciences 4(2): 72-76

Tequet C, Setiawan F, Yasuda N, Suharsona & Nadaoka K (2011) First observation of a large group of Holothuria leucospilota sea cucumber juveniles at a nursery in Manado (north Sulawesi, Indonesia). SPC Bech-de-mer Information Bulletin 31: 30-35

Yamada K, Matsubara R, Kaneko M, Miyamoto T & Higuchi R (2001) Constituents of Holothuroidea. 10. Isolation and Structure of a Biologically Active Ganglioside Molecular Species from the Sea Cucumber Holothuria leucospilota. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 49(4): 447-452.